Gibson Desert Nature Reserve is an 18,900 square kilometer nature reserve located in the Gibson Desert in midwestern Australia. This Nature conservation area is remote and rarely visited by tourists.
The Kalgoorlie Regional Office of the Department of Environment and Conservation is responsible for managing this place. This place is undoubtedly beautiful in Australia, and anyone in the world will find something special in this remote Australian nature conservation area.
Located in the arid regions of Australia, the landscape features of the reserve include dunes and plains, rock mesa-shaped hills, and unstable laterite plains. The dominant plants are spinifex which is less shrubby and mixed with trees.
In 2020, an agreement was reached between the Gibson Desert People and the Western Australian Government, naming the area Pila Reserve, the management of which will be shared by traditional owners, the Department of Biodiversity Conservation and Attraction, and the people of the Gibson Desert Nature Reserve.
The vast pebbles and red sand plains and hills of the Gibson Desert Nature Reserve are home to one of the world’s most diverse reptile communities. Here one can find yellow and brown striped snakes, the thorny devil, the great desert skink, and the blue-tongued skink.
Red kangaroos, ostrich-like emus, and long-eared bilberries have adapted to some of the larger animals in this rugged desert to survive the scorching heat and lack of water. Rocky deserts, ravines, rare marshes, and gnamma water pools provide shelter for many wildlife species.
The location of The Gibson Desert Nature Reserve is between Capricorn and Lake Disappointment, along with Lake McDonald’s. Its location is south of the Great Sandy Desert, east of the Little Sandy Desert, and north of the Great Victoria Desert. Its elevation is slightly higher than 500 meters (1,600 feet) in some places.
Early explorers, such as Ernest Giles, noticed that much of the desert was a vast expanse of gravel. It is home to the lush desert grasses, the vast plains of red sand, the hilly terrain, and the dunes.
Low rocky cliffs, ample laterite in the upland soils are unique features of the Gibson Desert Nature Reserve. The sandy soils of the laterite plains are rich in iron.
The amount of water in the soil is low due to low rainfall, and most of the area is gravel and sandy. Though the environment is very harsh, some unique desert plants and animals can be visible.
The plants here are small in size and bushy, so they can withstand wind and sand. Animals are usually nocturnal, surviving on low water intake and storing water.
There was a connection in the desert joined with several isolated saltwater lakes in the central region and several smaller lakes in the southwest through the drainage system. Groundwater sources here include parts of the Officer Basin and the Canning Basin.
The Gibson Desert Nature Reserve receives an annual rainfall of 200 to 250 millimeters (7.9 to 9.8 inches), with an annual evaporation rate of about 3,600 millimeters (140 inches).
The climate here is generally warm; In summer, the maximum temperature can rise above 40 ° Celsius (104 ° Fahrenheit). The maximum temperature in winter can be 18 ° Celsius (64 ° Fahrenheit), and the minimum temperature drops to 6° Celsius (43 ° Fahrenheit) at night.
People living in most parts of the Gibson Desert Nature Reserve, especially in the west, are Indigenous Australians. During the severe drought of 1984, the desert reservoirs dried up, and there was a shortage of necessary food.
It is the first time that a group of Pintupi people living in the Middle East (northeast of Warburton) who have been accustomed to the traditional semi-nomadic way of life in the desert have come into contact with mainstream Australians for the first time.
These are the last ethnic groups isolated from modern Australian society. The most populated areas east of Gibson are Warburton, Mantamaru, and Warakarna. Many of the people in these areas are of European descent.