Borneo is the third-largest island in the world, and it spans an area of about 745,000 hectares. Visit Borneo to see its natural appeal.
The northern region of Borneo has shared by Sabah and Sarawak under Malaysia and Brunei smack between the two, and in the south is Kalimantan which is under the control of Indonesia.
The island of Borneo, which is not only the third-biggest island in the globe but also the largest island in Asia, will be the subject of the article in Nehrin.
History of Borneo
Although people used the name Borneo to describe all of those countries, it is truly a misnomer because the name of the island was given by the Dutch during the colonial period.
At present, very few people usually use this name. Bruneian Empire controlled the Borneo island from the 15th to the 17th century after the fall of Malacca.
Later, the British gained control of the north through the James Brooke of Sarawak and the North Borneo Company of Sabah, and the Dutch controlled the south.
The Japanese took possession of the island during World War II, killed many people there, and then handed it back to colonial authorities.
However, Indonesia declared war after Sabah and Sarawak joined Malaysia in 1963, making the island the focal point of the Malaysia-Indonesia conflict.
Later, the two nations peacefully resolved the issue, but the other nations have made many territorial claims against Malaysia in various areas of the island.
However, the International Court of Justice has ruled in favor of Malaysia in the cases. Visit Borneo to see the beauty of the magnificent rainforest.
The name of the island is Borneo. In the first millennium AD, the island served as a trading harbor. The Indonesian and Malaysian sides of Borneo were colonized by the Dutch and the British in the past.
Now, Borneo spans three nations. The Sultanate of Malaysia, Indonesia, and Brunei are those nations. I believe if you decide to visit Borneo, it will not be a bad idea.
Visit Borneo to See Heavenly Beauty
Borneo, the third-largest island in the world, is twice the size of Germany. More than 200 ethnic groups make up the 18 million inhabitants of this lovely island.
The entire coastline of the lovely island consists of a peat swamp forest, and the interior, mangrove swamps give way to rainforests, freshwater marshes, and alpine meadows as you approach Mount Kinabalu, the tallest summit in Southeast Asia.
People consider the hilly interior of Borneo inaccessible to explorers, although indigenous peoples have been exploring it for millennia. Do not hesitate to visit Borneo to see the glorious beauty.
The biodiversity of this island is undoubtedly astonishing. On the Kinabatangan River, you can observe animals in their natural habitat.
A small area of natural rainforest preserved along the Kinabatangan River in the Malaysian state of Sabah offers the once-in-a-lifetime chance to observe orangutans, pygmy elephants, macaques, probosci’s monkeys, and crocodiles in the wild.
Kingfishers, rhinoceros hornbills, and many other rare bird species will delight ornithologists. A boat ride along the lovely Kinabatangan River is an opportunity to take in the views and sounds of the Borneo jungle.
The rafflesia arnoldii lily unique to the jungles of Borneo and Sumatra is a sight to behold. Its blossom can weigh up to 15 pounds and spread out to be up to 3 feet across.
The world’s stinkiest flower is parasitic and lacks discernible leaves, roots, or stalks. It is referred to as the “corpse flower” because flies are drawn to the stench of decaying flesh pollinate it.
One of the most significant biological places in the world is Kinabalu Park, the first UNESCO World Heritage Site in Malaysia. Nearly 4,500 different types of plants and animals are available there.
Fans of nature will be ecstatic. With a height of 13,435 feet, Mount Kinabalu, the park’s star, is the tallest mountain in both Malaysia and Borneo.
Dedicated hikers ask for permission in advance to trek the peak, a two-day, one-night journey. The Via Ferrata is a different climbing route that other adventurers may like to use to explore Mount Kinabalu.
Nine hiking paths in Kinabalu Park, of varying lengths, are accessible from the park headquarters. Go exploring by yourself or with a guide.
Bako National Park must be visited at least once while in Sarawak. Make arrangements with your driver for a pick-up time and place before arriving by boat.
The probosci’s monkey is the star of Bako National Park, Sarawak’s first national park. These peculiar-looking, long-nosed, and round-bellied monkeys, unique to Borneo, will be eyeing you from atop a tree branch.
Macaques and silvered leaf monkeys with their wild gray hair framing their faces are other animals to keep an eye on. Keep an eye out for an orange splash in the woods. Orange young silvered leaf monkeys often cling to their mothers.
Rainforests of Borneo
More than 15,000 species of plants are available in the forests of this island, but we know that 400 new species are also visible since 1994.
The rainforest is home to more than 222 mammals, and 44 of the mammals are endemic, meaning they are found only in Borneo. If you visit Borneo, the trees and animals of the magnificent rainforest have everything to fulfill the thirst of your mind.
The forests of this island are home to adorable orangutans, but Borneo also has rhinos, pygmy elephants, cloudy leopards, and proboscis monkeys – to name a few.
Towards Malaysia on the island, local communities have been fighting deforestation since the 1980s and have stopped working for them.
In addition to logging for timber, mines, oil palm gardens, and mega-dams are a mentionable threat to biodiversity. The struggle to save the island’s rainforest is as much a struggle for human rights as it is for many.
The member of the communities depend on the forest for biological medicine and hunting traditions, basic things like drinking water and clean food, and their cultural survival.
When some greedy people poison the rivers and level the lands, these traditions die. For this reason, what is happening in Borneo has been described as a bio-cultural genocide.
Deforestation adds to the effects of climate change that not only generates emissions but also destroys residual forests, which are responsible for absorbing excess carbon.
Forests contribute about 30 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions each year, competing with emissions from the global transportation sector. Do not hesitate to visit Borneo to see solemn beauty.
In addition to protecting forests, reducing fossil fuel emissions is necessary to stabilize the climate, hold global biodiversity, sustain the global economy and save the livelihoods of billions of people.
FAQ: 5 Facts about the Third-largest Island in the World
There are some curious facts that people may want to know about Borneo, the third-largest island in the world. Let’s discuss this in detail.
What country is Borneo in?
States from Indonesia, Malaysia, and Brunei all have portions of the island to themselves. Borneo remains divided into the Sultanate of Brunei, the federal states of Sarawak and Sabah, and the North, East, West, South, and Central Kalimantan and Labuan.
What is Borneo famous for?
The renowned Bornean small pygmy elephant and the Bornean small sun bear are the smallest species of their kind in the world, respectively, and are also available in Borneo.
Is Borneo worth visiting?
Borneo has stunning islands and flourishing cities, but the visitors usually come for the jungles and exotic wildlife. The rainforests of the island of Borneo are enough to quench your nature-loving thirst.
What language is spoken in Borneo?
The official language in Sabah and Sarawak is Bahasa Malaysia. Chinese (Cantonese, Mandarin, Hokkien, Hakka, Hainan, and Foochow), Tamil, and English are other extensively used languages. Every one of Borneo’s native tribes speaks its language.
Are there beaches in Borneo?
Borneo’s beaches are in the eastern state of Sabah, particularly the beaches of Tunku Abdul Rahman National Park, Tanjung Aru Beach, and Shangri La Rasa Ria Beach, which is close to the city of Kota Kinabalu. The rustic Permai Rainforest Resort in the western state of Sarawak has a fantastic private beach.
Our beloved world has the blessing of infinite natural beauty, and Borneo is a small part of the blessing and beauty. There is no doubt that Borneo is one of the most beautiful natural attractions on our beloved planet Earth.
Borneo is the one place where you could sit forever and never get tired of just staring into the sea and the beautiful rainforests. A beautiful place like Borneo can awaken your better feelings and contribute to your physical wellbeing.
The touch of the rainforests and sea can reduce blood pressure, heart rate, muscle tension, and the production of stress hormones. Do not hesitate to visit Borneo to see the celestial beauty.