Among the numerous countries spread all over the world, a small country in Central Europe is ‘Liechtenstein’. The country is located between Switzerland and Austria.
It is the sixth smallest country in the world and the fourth smallest in Europe in terms of size. Its area covers only 160 square kilometers.
About 25 km in length and about 12 km in width. So it is understood that the size of the country is less than the size of any district of Bangladesh. Only 17,000 people live in this country.
Vaduz or Vaduz is the capital of the country with an area of only 17 square kilometers. About 6,000 people live in this capital.
Liechtenstein is bordered by Switzerland to the south and west and Austria to the north and east. Europe’s longest river, the Rhine, runs through the western edge of the country. And on its eastern edge are the Alps.
The country is surrounded by a wonderful touch of mountainous nature. Vaduz Castle or Vaduz Fort is surrounded by green hills in the town of Vaduz. It stands tall as a symbol of the entire capital.
This fort can be seen from almost anywhere in the city. The king of the country lives in this fort. Public entry is prohibited in this fort.
And the road that joins the main town from the castle is called Scholsweg. Although not much talked about for travel, the country has immense beauty.
Although small, the country has a very ancient history. The ancient name of Vaduz, the capital of the country, was Ferduzes. Verduz Fort was built in 1322.
The country is believed to have been founded in 1342 by the rulers of the province of Werdenburg. Around 1499, the Swiss kings invaded Vaduz during the Swabian War.
Around the 17th century, the current ruling families of Liechtenstein came to Vaduz. Later Prince Johann Adam Andreas united Selenberg and Vaduz and officially recognized Liechtenstein in 1712.
But in 1719, the Roman emperors took over the rule of this region. After nearly 100 years of rule, the country was declared fully independent in 1806.
From 1938, King Vaduj built the fort as a permanent residence. Prince Franz Joseph (II) was the first resident of this castle.
Since his time, the entry of common people was prohibited in this fort. After his death in 1989, Prince Hans Adam (II) took over the reigns of this country.
Under the king is the country’s parliament, which consists of 25 ministers or parliamentarians who serve up to four years. There are also about 600 clubs across 11 municipalities in the country.
Interestingly, like many other European countries, this country does not have its own military force.
Judging by the security situation of the country, the army was completely wiped out after 1868. However, the economic aspect has mainly prevailed in not keeping the army.
Building and maintaining a trained army, as well as purchasing weapons, is expensive. That is why it has been decided to abolish the army completely from the country.
There is only one police force called ‘National Police Principality’ to oversee overall law and order in the country. However, Switzerland is believed to provide any kind of security assistance, albeit unofficially.
August 15 is observed as National Day in the country. This day is basically a day of joy in the entire country. The countrymen gathered in the fort premises. In front of the fort, fairs and different kinds of dances and songs are held.
There is also a fireworks display in the fort grounds in the evening. Everyone is served wine by the king. The king also joined in the joyous celebration of all the guests.
The full name of the current king of Liechtenstein is Johannes Adam Ferdinand Aloys Joseph Maria Marco Dvio Pius or Hans Adam (II) for short.
He was born on 14th February 1945. His father Franz Joseph (II) ruled Liechtenstein from 1906 to 1989. His mother’s name was Countess Georgina von Wilczer.
Hans Adam’s eldest son Alois Philipp Mario will be the next Crown Prince. The currency of the country is Swiss Franc and Euro.
This country has no language of its own. German language is prevalent throughout the country. Also note the use of French and English.
Liechtenstein is mainly a winter country. It snows very frequently during winter. All mountain valleys and trees are covered with snow. Summers are mildly cool and moderately hot.
One can enter this country only with Schengen visa for travel. The time difference of Liechtenstein from Bangladesh time is about four hours.
Like Switzerland, the banking system of this country is quite developed. The tiny country has about 15 banks. One-fourth of the country’s total GDP comes from this banking sector.
Many of these banks also provide commercial services to foreign companies. Lichtenstein also holds the first position in the manufacture and installation of artificial teeth.
Apart from the natural beauty, the country is also very important economically or commercially. The location of the country is only 41.1 km from Switzerland and only 34.9 km from Austria.
There are more than 30 large companies in the country employing about 8,000 people. The country’s progress in education and research is visible. The country has four research universities and nine colleges.
Liechtenstein does not have its own airport. However, Switzerland is only 50 km away and Germany’s airport is 85 km away. Liechtenstein’s communication system is very advanced. Here is the battery powered City Troy train.
In this two-room train, you can visit the old town of Vaduz, the vast vineyards, panorama view point, Rhine Park Stadium, Vaduz City Center and much more!
It also has good bus transport facilities. There are also various types of taxi facilities for domestic and foreign tourists.
About 14 kilometers from Vaduz, Malbun is a beautiful village on the south ridge of the Alps in the southeast of Liechtenstein.
Many glaciers can be seen around from here. This picturesque village houses the Chapel of Peace built in 1950.
Snow-boarding, hiking, biking and skiing are crowded during the winter when the mountains or valleys of Malbun are covered with snow. The Austrian border is 2 km away from here.
Also Sollenberg and Triesenberg are among the hilly and old towns. Lichtenstein’s wines are appreciated around the world. Different flavors of wine are made using grapes from own vineyard.
The demand for such drinks is also high as it is a cold country. There are also some restaurants here, among which McDonald’s is very popular.
Places to visit in Liechtenstein include the Eagle Adventure Hike, Treasure Chamber of the Principality of Liechtenstein, The Town Center of Vaduz, Liechtenstein Museum of Fine Arts, The Prince of Liechtenstein Winery, Liechtenstein’s Landsmuseum, Healy Art Foundation, Rägeler Riet Nature Reserve, etc.
This small country is becoming popular day by day for travelers as there are no entry barriers.