Visit Socotra: A Mysterious Island in Yemen

There is an island near the Arabian Sea, which is quite different from other islands in the world. The island is home to a variety of flora and fauna that cannot be found anywhere else in the world.

That’s why the island is one of the strangest places in the world. This island is not very big in size. The people of the island have been living here for many years. This is where their main roots can be called.

The name of the island is Socotra. The island is part of Yemen. Socotra was designated a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 2008 to protect and preserve the hundreds of species of flora and fauna endemic to the island.

The natural beauty of the island is unique in a word. The island consists of sandy beaches, rocky plateaus, and high mountains.

From white sand beaches to blue tarantulas and rare species of flora, the region has become an unmissable tourist destination for global tourists.

Socotra is known as an independent island

Socotra, Abd al Kuri, Samha, and Darsa – these four islands form the Socotra archipelago. The archipelago was separated from the Arabian mainland about three and a half million years ago.

There is no impression of any change here due to nature. It is because of this that many ancient species of plants and animals still survive.

The Socotra Islands are located 220 miles from the Yemeni mainland. Socotra is the largest of the four islands. He owns 95 percent of the wetlands.

Only this island is inhabited. Socotra Island has located 250 km from East Africa. This island is 132 km in length and 49.7 km in width. Although the island is part of Yemen, it is located very close to the coast of Somalia.

Alien tree is everywhere in the island

Rare species of plants can be seen across the island. In some places of the island, there are umbrella-like trees, and in some places, there are gnarled trees.

No tree is leafless, but flowers bloom on every branch of the tree. This is like an alien habitat. Of the 825 species of plants, 307 species are endemic to Socotra Island.

About 37 percent of the plants here do not grow anywhere else in the world. Some of these species have survived for nearly two million years.

According to the researchers, excessive moisture and extreme temperatures caused the plants to look so strange.

In 2004, the World Environment Organization listed three species of Socotra Islands as Critically Endangered and 27 species as Endangered.

A wonderful tree of the Socotra Islands is called Dragon’s Blood Tree. This tree does not grow anywhere else outside of these islands. Among botanists, trees are actually part of prehistoric forests.

This species of the tree lives for more than 650 years. From a distance, the trees look like umbrellas due to the dense structure of green leaves on the upper part of the leaves.

The trees are drought tolerant. The trees grow at an altitude of 300 to 1500 meters above sea level. The growth of this plant is very slow.

Grows only about three feet in ten years. The weather in the Socorro Islands becomes humid during the rainy season. The dragon blood tree then absorbs water particles from the air with its leaves.

Then with the help of roots and branches, it reaches the whole body of the plant. The tree bears a bright red fruit, which is used as fodder for cattle.

A thick red gum is obtained from the trunk of the tree which is used in making Ayurvedic medicines and dyes. This glue was once exported to the outside world.

From this red sap of the tree, the name of the tree became Dragon Blood Tree in the mouth of the locals. The tree is so popular that even Yemen’s currency bears its image.

A kind of cucumber also grows on this island. This tree is also very strange. The flowering stem is taller than a human.

Alien Garden of Eden

According to National Geographic, more than 90 percent of reptiles are native here. 35 species of animals are found on the island, of which 29 are endemic reptiles and six endemic bird species are found.

These animals are born and bred on this island. 95 percent of the land snails here are found nowhere else in the world.

Various species of spiders, legless lizards, and three species of crabs are the diverse fauna here. Apart from humans, bats are the only mammals on the island.

But the island has a lot of reptiles. Ninety percent of the reptiles are not found anywhere outside this island. Blue baboon spider is a poisonous animal of Socotra island.

The colorful color of this spider and its behavior is completely different from other spiders. Surprisingly, there are no amphibians on the island.

Thrilling white sand beaches

Beaches and mountains surround the island. There are several beaches along the island coast. This beautiful white sand beach stretches from the Arabian Sea to the Gardafui Channel.

This white sand beach is not seen much in this region. Many people call this island as an alien island because of the white baliari of the beach.

The island is a favorite destination for many beach lovers due to its warm temperatures and white sand beaches. Many fishing communities live near coastal towns. So many fishing boats are visible along the sea coast.

Many people also travel by boat along the sea shore. If the weather is good, these boats can be used to visit the surrounding islands.

Different species of dolphins, whales and various fish can be found in the sea. Dolphins playing in the Arabian Sea from mountains or white sand beaches is an enjoyable sight.

Hajhir mountain

The island itself has vast deserts as well as small hilly areas and coastal beaches that take the island to another level. One of the attractions of the island is the Hajhir mountain range.

Mount Hajhir is located north of the town of Habidu on the southern coast of the island. This mountain covers almost half the area of ​​the island.

It is at the foot of this mountain that the habitat of the local people is built, and the main coastal city of the island is built. This granite mountain has a peculiar color.

The mist that drifts in from the nearby beaches casts a strange mystique around the mountains. Another hill on this island is Mashanig.

It is the highest mountain range which is 1500 meters above sea level. Many tourists choose this mountain for hiking. Throughout the island’s mountains are hundreds of small caves filled with stalactites and stalagmites.

Remnants of various battles

During World War II, the German army occupied much of South Arabia. It was subsequently reoccupied by British troops during the middle of the Cold War.

After some time, the Soviet troops occupied the entire area of ​​the Socotra Islands. Since then, Middle Eastern governments have used the island as a military base for many years.

The traces of various military equipment used by the military forces of different countries during their stay on the island can still be seen in various places on the island.

Even today, war relics such as war tanks, cannons, and abandoned military equipment can be found in various parts of the island.

Archaeological artifacts

Various archaeological sites are spread across the island. Various scientists have excavated here and found many artifacts of ancient times.

Searches are still underway in many parts of the island. Although the financial value of these indicators is not so much, their historical value is not less in any part.

There is an ancient abandoned fort on the sea which bears witness to the ancient history. These forts and arches make the island more mysterious.

Mysterious Kuhelika

Geographically the island is quite significant. It receives light rainfall throughout the year. This rainfall increases during the monsoon season. At this time, dense fog is formed in coastal areas.

The temperature of the island is fairly stable throughout the year. Summer, monsoon, or winter, any time you come here, you will see a kind of fog that has always created a blanket of fog over the coastal area.

People living on the island

The island is not very populated. Socotra currently has about sixty thousand people living in six hundred villages. Similarities can be found between the people of the Socotra region and the people of South Arabia.

However, the Somali population is small across the island. Most of the people living on the island are the local Socotri people. They live between the cities of Habidu and Kanansia.

Habidu town is home to around 8,500 people, according to the island’s population. Most of these cities are quite far from each other. So small vehicles and boats are the main help to move from one city to another.

The inhabitants of Socotra are very peaceful. Most of the people here live below the poverty line. Most of them are agriculturists and fishermen. Fishing is their main source of income.

The rest make a living by rearing dates and sheep. Socotra is truly one of the most fascinating and spectacular places on the planet.

The island has beaches, and colorful mountain ranges and is home to exotic flora and fauna. The island is a diverse collection of flora and fauna.