Saint Martin’s Island is an attractive island in the Bay of Bengal. The Bay of Bengal has an area of 21,72,000 sq km, which makes it the largest in the world.
It is an almost triangular bay located in the northern part of the great Indian Ocean. India and Sri Lanka bounded west of it. Bangladesh and India bounded north, and Myanmar and Thailand bounded east of the Bay of Bengal.
The Andaman and Nicobar Islands of India are located right in the middle of the great Bay of Bengal. In this article of Nehrin, I want to write something about this Bangladeshi island named Saint Martin’s Island.
Bangladesh is undoubtedly a beautiful country in South Asia, and this isle is a perfect example of the beauty of this country. Let’s know the details about this island in the Bay of Bengal.
Beautiful Saint Martin’s Island
This spectacular island is a small coral island (8 sq km) in the northeastern part of the Bay of Bengal in the far south of Bangladesh.
It is located at the mouth of the Naf River, about 9 km south of Teknaf in Cox’s Bazar district and 8 km west of the coast of Myanmar.
It is also locally known as Narikel Zinzira because of its abundance of coconuts. It is a very well-known name among the sea lovers of Bangladesh.
At first, some Arab merchants named this island Zinzira. Keep in mind that they used to rest on this island while traveling from Chittagong to Southeast Asia.
In time, Chittagong and its adjoining people know this island as Zinzira. Around 1890, some Bengalis and Rakhine people came to settle on the island.
They were mainly fishermen. As far as is known, 13 families were the first settlers. They chose the northern part of the island. Over time, the island became a Bengali-inhabited area.
This spectacular island covers an area of about 8 square kilometers and is north-south long. The three-sided foundation of the island is the rock foundation that sinks at high tide and rises at low tide.
This unique island is about 5.63 km long in the north and south. The variation in the island width is somewhere around 700 meters and somewhere around 200 meters.
This spectacular island has an average elevation of 3.6 meters above sea level, and there is about 10-15 km of coral reefs along the west-northwest side of Saint Martin.
Geographically it is divided into three parts. The northern part is called Narikel Zinzira. The southern part is known as Dakshin Para and is connected to it by a narrow tail-like area extending to the southeast.
And the narrowest part is known as Galachipa, and in the south of the island, there is a small island of 100 to 500 square meters locally known as Chheradia Island.
It is a deserted island, and you can walk to the island at low tide. However, boats are a necessary medium for the journey during high tide. The topography of this spectacular island is mainly flat.
However, some dunes can be available. The building material of this unique island is limestone. Wetlands are almost in the middle of both the northern and southern parts of the island.
They are rich in fresh water and help in crop production. The island produces some agricultural products. However, it is very insignificant compared to the need.
This spectacular island is home to about 66 species of corals, 187 species of snails and oysters, 153 species of seaweed, 157 species of herbivores, 240 species of marine fish, and four species of amphibians, and 120 species of birds.
Invertebrates include sponges, monkey shill crabs, shill crabs, lobsters, etc. Fish include fairy fish, bowl coral, butterflyfish, red koi, needlefish, redfish, etc.
The place is known as a place for laying eggs of sea turtles, Green Sea Turtles, and Jalpairanga Sea Turtles. There is no natural forest on the island other than the Keora forest.
However, on the south side of the island, there are a lot of Keora bushes. There are some mangrove trees on the south side of the this spectacular island.
Other plants include Keya, Bain, Coconut tree, etc.
How do you get from St Martin Island to Dhaka?
You can reach Saint Martin by ship or trawler from Teknaf. It is also convenient to go directly to Teknaf by bus from Dhaka and to St. Martin by ship/trawler. If you plan a trip to Cox’s Bazar, you can travel from Dhaka to Cox’s Bazar and then from Teknaf to St. Martin.