Learn about The Amazon Rainforest

Covering an area of ​​1.4 billion acres, this forest has largely hidden itself from the civilized world in a large part of South America.

It is only natural that a large ecosystem would develop around such a large forest. There will be animals of different breeds and colors, which have been living there for years.

Among them, a chameleon from a sci-fi movie or a colorful bird from a fairy tale with two eyes can be seen in this mysterious forest.

Just as there are very calm animals, there are also scary animals that put life in doubt in this Amazon. Whose daily walk has kept the Amazon alive for years.

There are 427 species of mammals, 78 species of reptiles, 400 species of amphibians and about 1300 species of birds in the Amazon. Interestingly, new species of animals are seen here almost every day.

A fight for survival or a fight for food is a daily occurrence here. Today’s article is about some of the animals that have taken over the Amazon for a long time.

1. Jaguar

Jaguar is a magnificent animal that overpowers its prey in the blink of an eye. But the Amazon jaguar is more adept at catching prey than running.

Jaguars especially target trees that are comfortable and jump on them. A single bite from this ‘killer’s killer’ animal can render a victim unconscious.

They have equal prowess in water and land. Because of this, the animal is afraid to meet the Amazon. After birth, the baby jaguar roams around with its mother.

As he grows up, he learns to hunt and travels alone. An adult jaguar can weigh up to 100 kg. They are easily recognized by their body markings, which act as camouflage when catching prey.

Jaguars have larger eyes than other animals, making them appear larger in proportion to their head size. The iris of a baby jaguar’s eye is blue, and the iris of an adult jaguar is sometimes golden to reddish brown.

Although known as nocturnal animals, some recent studies show that they also hunt during the day! Among the native inhabitants of ancient Central and South America, brave men were compared to jaguars.

Evidence of this can be found in their religion, art, and mythology. The entrances to their shrines were carved with jaguar heads to protect the shrines. Jaguars also have a special place in the Maya civilization.

2. Glass Frog

Another fascinating creature of the Amazon is the glass frog. Originally named so because of the transparent color of their body. Being transparent, its internal organs can be seen almost entirely.

Although transparent like glass, the lower part of the body is slightly green in color. Due to this, they can easily hide behind trees.

The glass frog spends most of its life on trees. They only come down to the ground during the breeding season, even then they are unlikely to be spotted unless you look very carefully.

Researchers have so far identified around 40 species of glass frogs, although this is still under debate. This type of frog can be up to 3 inches in size, but in the north, glass frogs can be as large as a human palm.

This type of large glass frog is most common in Central and South America. The nocturnal animal mainly comes out at night in search of food and survives by eating small insects in the trees.

During the breeding season, the glass frog lays its eggs on tree branches or in clean water. After the eggs hatch, they come back up into the stem.

3. Pink Dolphin

The astonishing pink dolphin is one of the many animals in the river that cuts through the heart of the Amazon rainforest.

But after birth, the color of the dolphins is gray. The pink color comes to the skin as it grows. Locals call it Boto, Bufeo, etc.

These magnificent animals are found as companions as you walk along the great winding river. Being a harmless species, the locals also keep them around, guiding the traveling boats from one side to the other.

Who wants to leave the company of such a mixed animal? But now their number is gradually decreasing. This freshwater animal is a victim of environmental pollution there.

Moreover, due to the construction of the dam, they are also changing their place. Environmentalists say many pink dolphins may soon become extinct due to river pollution.

4. Macao

This bird that colors the skies of the Amazon is one of the most social animals. There are approximately 14 species of macaws found in the Amazon. Their size is the largest among parrots.

The presence of different colored feathers all over the body has given it a different beauty. There is a pattern of a strange mixture of red, blue, gold, and green across the body.

Like human fingerprints, their color patterns also vary. Moreover, there are differences in the structural features of the lips. Amazon’s sky-high macaws love to make noise.

They fly in the sky in flocks, there are 20-30 birds in a flock. Macaws spend their entire lives with their mates. Their life span is also excellent, they live about 60 years.

This social animal is capable of making meaningful noises; Macaws make different sounds to mark their territory, find food, and call their mates. Although they roam together and share food, Macaws are very wary of their mates!

They survive by eating insects, tree leaves, etc. They are in particular demand in the western world due to their beauty and ability to mimic human speech.

Therefore, the movement of bird hunters is often seen in this forest. Environmentalists fear that the number of birds will decrease due to the sale of birds.

5. Piranha

Red-colored piranhas are abundant in the waters of the Amazon River. Basically, the freshwater fish is called red piranha because of the presence of red color on its lower abdomen.

Although there are several more colorful piranhas in the Amazon River. Millions of years ago they were freshwater animals.

Currently, they are found in the waters of the Amazon, Argentina, Venezuela, North and South America, Hawaii, and Bangladesh. More than 30 species of fish are true carnivores.

They are usually 5-10 inches long, but there are occasional exceptions. Although they are carnivores, the grass is also found in their diet.

Piranhas gather in groups to gather food by attacking insects, dead birds, and other fish in the river. Piranha is feared by everyone because of its sharp teeth and angry eyes. It is not equipped to devour its prey in an instant.

But piranhas never show interest in attacking unless they are hungry. In several countries, including China, a piranha is an object of beauty. Their aquariums often feature piranhas.

6. Black Caiman

The black caiman is the most dangerous animal found in the waters of the Amazon. It looks similar to other American alligators, but its skin color varies slightly. In size, they are 20 feet tall each.

Sharp teeth are always ready to shred food. In the whole world, even in South America, this crocodile of the Caiman species is the largest in size. In childhood, they usually survive by hunting fish.

A mature caiman eats whatever is in front of it. Especially piranha, catfish are their daily food. They also come to the surface during floods and prey on mammals. Black caimans live from 50 to 80 years.

7. Spider Monkey

This species of monkey is so strangely named because of its long tail! With the help of this tail, they can jump from one tree to another and keep their balance. Due to adaptation, the tail of this species of monkey acts as a separate organ.

This strong part can easily take the weight of the entire body. They usually survive by eating the fruits of the Amazon. They have a reputation as social animals.

8. Green Anaconda

There is no doubt that the astonishing Anaconda is the biggest and strongest snake in the world. And this giant snake that reigns in the waters of the Amazon can be a terrifying name for anyone.

This giant snake of amazon can grow up to 18 feet tall and weigh about 170 pounds. An adult anaconda eats an average of 40 pounds of food per day.

Its primary diet consists of food that floats on the surface of the water. Also, when an animal comes to drink water, the anaconda will attack the animal if given the opportunity.

No matter how big the animal is, the anaconda easily grips its prey with its powerful muscles. When the death of the victim is confirmed, it takes it as its food.

Anaconda’s diet includes jaguars, crocodiles, and forest animals! An anaconda lives up to about 10 years and continues to grow in size throughout its life.

There are countless species of animals in the vast Amazon forest. Every day new species of animals are being discovered in this mysterious forest and its water.

It is natural that it will continue in the future. But to protect such biodiversity, humans have to come forward.

We have to take care that these animals do not become extinct due to the destruction of human forests. Because they are not the property of any particular person; These are our resources, the world’s resources.