Know about The Jordan: A Beautiful Country

Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. A small country in the Arabian Peninsula in the Middle East. Although small in size, its geographical location has given Jordan great importance in the world.

Jordan is bordered by Saudi Arabia to the south, Syria to the north, Iraq to the northeast, and Palestine and Israel to the west.

Despite bordering so many war-torn countries like Iraq, Syria, Palestine and Middle East poison bed Israel, Jordan’s political situation is still calm.

Jordan has the largest number of refugee camps in neighboring countries. Jordan’s importance in the world is not only geopolitical, but its rich history and extraordinary natural beauty make it unique on earth.

Jordan is a great country for history buffs and adventure travelers. Because Jordan is home to one of the New Seven Wonders of the World, the city of Petra, the magical beauty of the Dead Sea and the golden-red desert.

Oases, gorges drenched in seasonal reservoirs or mountains covered in wildflowers in spring – Jordan has a unique charm that will draw you in. The state of Jordan, built around the ancient and holy land, occupies an important place in the world civilization.

Jordan was once the center of mighty Babylonian, Persian, Assyrian civilizations. The streets of Jordanian cities once trembled with the footsteps of Roman, Muslim and Crusader armies.

Jordan is also a memorable name in the history of spirituality and faith. Sacred to all three Semitic religions – Muslims, Christians and Jews – the Jordan River flows through the southern part of Jordan.

Although destroyed by the pressure of urbanization and modernization, many of the pure traditions of the Middle East can still be found in Jordan. Readers, today I will tell you the story of the best tourist attractions in Jordan. Welcome to Jordan Journey!

Petra

Petra is one of the best examples of ancient architecture. As the saying goes – “There is nothing like Petra” to hide its unspoiled beauty behind inaccessible mountains. Petra is truly unique and unique.

This pink city carved in stone is surrounded by a strange mystery. Petra is the most famous tourist attraction in Jordan.

236 km from Amman. This ancient city in the south is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and one of the New Seven Wonders of the World.

Petra was founded by the Nabataeans about two thousand years ago. The ability to disappear behind mountains at a moment’s notice and the technique of capturing rainwater kept the Nabateans invincible for a long time.

As a result, they get opportunities to develop business and climb to the top of prosperity. Petra was their most prosperous city.

An earthquake in 555 AD destroyed the Nabataean glory stone. However, several interesting structures of Petra are still preserved. To see those wonderful architectures one has to cross the entrance of Petra.

About 1 km. Walking down the long narrow entrance, just when it seems like the road will never end, the road suddenly ends dramatically and the Treasury, Petra’s most beautiful monument, takes shape in front of your eyes. You will be mesmerized by the fine craftsmanship of this sun-drenched palace.

From the treasury, the road leads to the outer Sikh, which is mainly composed of 40 mausoleums. Together they are called the Street of Flacades. If you walk a little further, you will see some stairs on the left side. The stairs ended at the mountain altar.

This place is called “High Place of Sacrifice”. There are many more such structures in Petra. I don’t know if you will see them or not, but see the monastery.

Although the monastery looks a lot like a treasury, it is bigger than the treasury in size. Against the backdrop of nature, the ruins of Petra’s colossal structures are undoubtedly a masterpiece.

Amman

Amman is the capital and largest city of Jordan. The commercial heart of the country lies between the desert and the fertile valleys. Amman, built on seven high hills, was given the status of the capital of Jordan in 1921.

Even after independence in 1946, that status was kept intact. The history of Amman is very old. After the Ammonites, the Assyrians, Amman was for some time in the hands of the Nabataeans. It then became a famous Roman trading center.

It was then called Philadelphia. Currently, West Amman is a modern city and East Amman is a residential area. Amman’s most valuable historical monuments are located in the city center.

The most famous of these is The Citadel. Excavations at Al-Qasr Palace, which is located in it, have unearthed many Roman, Byzantine, and early Muslim ruins. Near it is the Great Temple of Amman.

Supposedly, it was the temple of Hercules. Other attractions include the Jordan Archaeological Museum. A portion of the Dead Sea Scrolls is preserved here. There is also a Roman theater.

Six thousand people could sit together in this magnificent theater. The melodious sound of Azaan reverberating around the exotic atmosphere of the Citadel will transport you to another world.

If you’re a car lover, the Royal Automobile Museum is in for a treat. Here you can see the collection of luxurious royal cars of the kings of Jordan, especially King Hussein.

Head to Rainbow Street for a peaceful stroll through traffic-choked Amman. Walking here, you will see a wonderful view of Al Kalala and the Roman Theater.

If you are hungry, you can cool your stomach with the taste of Middle Eastern food at roadside restaurants.

Wadi Room

Wadi Rum is located on a high plateau in the southern part of Jordan. The easiest and safest destination to see the desert in this area is Wadi Rum. The indescribable beauty of Wadi Rum with huge red rocks and waves of red sand will enchant you.

Wadi Room is exactly what you would expect from a truly pure desert. From freezing in extreme winter to scorching in intense heat – you can experience it all here.

There are only a few Bedouin people to speak of in this area which is unfavorable for livelihood. So the nature of Wadi Rum is pure. Here you can enjoy stargazing in the clear night sky and see the Bedouin lifestyle up close.

Ideal for exploring wadi rooms by camel caravan or four wheel drive. Thanks to the movie ‘Lawrence of Arabia’, the beauty of Wadi Rum was re-discovered to the world.

Jerash

Jerash was the largest and most fortified Roman city in Jordan. Its grand entrances, colonnaded streets, temples, theaters all tell the story of a prosperous time.

A time when it was an important center of civilization. Even someone completely uninterested in archeology can happily spend a day exploring Jerash.

Jerash, buried under a layer of sand, was destroyed in 749 AD. Jerash was a city that saw the emperors Alexander the Great, Trajan and Hadrian.

At the southernmost point of the city of Jerash is the magnificent Hadrian’s Arch. It was built in 129 AD in honor of Emperor Hadrian. Behind the arch is the huge Hippodrome.

Walking here with a lazy step, you can imagine the strength of the gladiators, hear the cheers of the spectators in the air.

Then read the ‘Forum’, a square surrounded by 56 huge pillars. At one point one will see Cardo Maximus decorated with rows of pillars. Jerash has no end of sights to amaze you.

The Dead Sea

No animal can live in the water of the Dead Sea due to its extreme salinity. That is why it is called Dead Sea. Sea water is 30 times more salty than normal sea water!

There are also several interesting aspects of having excess salt in water. You won’t drown in the water here because of too much salt.

Many tourists can be seen floating in the Dead Sea reading newspapers! Dead Sea mud contains many mineral salts, which have many health benefits!

Moreover, the clear salt crystals floating in the sea water add to the beauty of the Dead Sea. Apart from floating in the water in the Dead Sea in Jordan, you can do some other interesting things.

9 km from the Dead Sea. In the north, on the east bank of the Jordan River is the holy Christian pilgrimage site ‘Al Matas’.

The Bible mentions this place as ‘Bethany beyond the Jordan’. There are several churches and chapels, new and old.

Aqaba

Aqaba is Jordan’s only seaport. Aqaba is a rare combination of sparkling city, beach and history. This southernmost city of Jordan is located on the northeastern coast of the Red Sea.

Thanks to the Red Sea, Aqaba continues to attract tourists. The waters of the Red Sea are great for diving and snorkeling. Aqaba Marine Park is 7 km south of the city.

The coast is open for tourists to see coral reefs and marine life. Palm Beach is 10 minutes from the city center. Here you will get a chance to watch the beautiful sunset while having tea.

A little further from Gulf Al Aqaba you will find the Mamluk fortress. Built by the Mamluk Sultans, this fort was a famous battlefield during the First World War.

Dana Nature Reserve

This nature reserve is located at an altitude of 1,500 meters above the Qadisiya Plateau in the south of Jordan.

In 1993, it was built around Dana Village and Dana Desert under the initiative of Royal Society of Conservation of Nature. Covering a vast area, this reserve is incredibly rich in biodiversity.

One-third of all plant species in Jordan are found here. Here you will also find deserts, Mediterranean rainforests and various species of wild animals from Africa, Asia and Europe.

Dana village can be seen on the east side beyond Wadi Dana. Various archaeological remains of Paleolithic, Nabataean, Roman civilizations have been found here. Due to the high altitude, the area is very cold and foggy in winter.

This area is quite famous for hiking. Some of the treks here are four wheelers. Wadi Rum was used as a copper mine during Byzantine rule. It has some of the oldest copper mines in the world.