Information about Tuscany: A Beautiful Region of Italy

Tuscany; A region located in the center of Italy. It is world-renowned for its unspoiled natural beauty, rich history, and abundance of art and culture.

No matter how much it is praised, it falls short in describing the opulence of Tuscany. It is the place where the Italian Renaissance was born.

Many thinkers of science and art were born in its lap. Tuscany is home to many world-renowned museums and establishments. This region has been fascinating since the beginning of history.

The Romans made the Tuscan lands more fertile, the Christians made religious pilgrimages and Napoleon collected artifacts of the state.

Medieval castles, renaissance masterpieces, gothic cathedrals, thrilling hiking trails, or mouth-watering cuisine – what’s not to like!

Misty morning hills, winding roads in Cyprus, green olive groves, and vineyards – the natural beauty of Tuscany defies even a poet’s imagination. Let’s get lost in some of the dreamy worlds of Tuscany today.

Florence

Florence is the capital of Tuscany. The Romans founded this city. Florence was the important city-state of Italy. In the fourteenth to sixteenth centuries the city ascended to the pinnacle of prosperity.

At that time Florence was ruled by the influential Medici family. Florence’s contribution to world history is limitless. Talented personalities like Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, Galileo, Dante were born here.

The Renaissance movement began in Florence. The city’s most important building is its cathedral complex, which consists of the cathedral, baptistery, museum and bell tower.

Florence

Florence is the capital of Tuscany. The Romans founded this city. Florence was an important city-state in Italy.

In the fourteenth to sixteenth centuries, the city ascended to the pinnacle of prosperity. At that time Florence was ruled by the influential Medici family.

Florence’s contribution to world history is limitless. Talented personalities like Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, Galileo, and Dante were born here.

The Renaissance movement began in Florence. The city’s most important building is its cathedral complex, which consists of the cathedral, baptistery, museum, and bell tower.

Here you will have the privilege of seeing the masterpieces of the best artists of the Italian Renaissance. In the 13th century, the Florentines decided to build a church.

For 100 years, the construction work was carried out under the supervision of the best builders of the century like Pisano, and Jato. In the 15th century, Brunelleschi built the striking red dome that dominates the skyline of Florence. It is still an architectural wonder.

The spectacular entrance, made of various colored marbles, was built in the 18th century. The excitement inside the church is no less. Ornate windows and beautiful glass decorations will catch your eye.

There is also a collection of various artworks. After Brunelleschi’s dome, the second major landmark of Florence is the Giotto Campanile – the 81-meter-high bell tower. It is attached to the entrance of the cathedral.

Next, let’s talk about St. John’s Baptistry. It is originally built on the ruins of a Roman temple. Until the end of the nineteenth century, all Catholics in the city were baptized here.

This building is famous for its three huge doors and its unique decorations. If you want to see the best monuments of the past, you should visit the Uffizi Gallery. This U-shaped palace was designed by Giorgio Vasari.

Part of the Medici palace was converted into a private exhibition in 1590. Since then it has become a trusted repository of ancient paintings and sculptures.

There are several categories in the gallery. The Archeology section has Greek and Roman archaeological remains. The Medieval section houses paintings from the Middle Ages and the Renaissance section houses works of art from the Renaissance period.

When in Florence, you must visit the Galleria del Accademia. It welcomes visitors with the Hall of Colossus. At its center is the marble sculpture Zambogna’s Rape of the Sabine Women.

While walking in this hall you will notice several panel paintings. You will then enter the rich Renaissance Museum. But the most famous part of the gallery is Of Prisoners. Michelangelo’s famous sculpture David is located here.

Gothic paintings are in a separate section. In 1299, the citizens of Florence wanted to build a building to symbolize their republican power.

Its construction started in the city square. The Medici later made it a residence. This was the residence of the Medici until they moved to the Pitti Palace.

The building was later renamed, Palazzo Vecchio. It is one of the most important buildings in the city now used as a town hall.

Another important symbol of Florence is the Ponte Vecchio. Bridge over the river Arno. Although it is called a bridge, it does not look like a bridge because of the various shops built on it.

In the 14th century, the shops were occupied by butchers, but now they are dominated by goldsmiths. Ponte Vecchio is stunningly beautiful from afar.

Pisa

Pisa is located on the west coast of Italy. Although small in size, it is a very important city from a historical point of view. The structures built in the 11th century AD are still standing.

The port of Pisa controlled the bulk of its economy. Pisa’s most famous structure is probably its Leaning Tower. The minaret is the bell tower of the cathedral complex.

After building up to three stories, the minaret bent five degrees to the right due to the instability of the ground below. Later it was tried to straighten it. But the minaret kept on bending.

Later, however, Hella decreased a little. Next to the minaret is the cathedral. It is a Roman style white marble basilica. Its construction began in 1060 after Pisa’s navy defeated the Arabs.

Its walls are lined with ornate arcades. Baptistry to the west of the cathedral. Although built in marble, it is Gothic in architecture. Another unmissable attraction of Pisa is the monumental Campogento or Sacred Field.

It is said that an archbishop on his way back from the Fourth Crusade brought a shipload of holy soil from Golgotha, so that the Pisans could be buried in it.

The sacred field is with that soil. Museums include the Musee Nationale. Various artifacts collected from different churches have been sheltered here.

Palazzo dei Cavalleri is one of the most interesting buildings in Pisa. Knights were trained in this building with its ornate entrance and grand staircase.

Sienna

The city of Siena is located south of Florence. Siena has been Florence’s rival for power and wealth throughout history. The main attraction of old Siena is its spacious town square, Piazza del Campo.

Characterized by the majestic entrances of the palaces and the white spires of the elegant Palazzo Publica, this square is one of Italy’s finest town squares.

The frescoes inside the Palazzo Publica or Town Hall depict the story of the Baga family in the 14th or 15th century. The external beauty of the Town Hall is unique.

Graceful rows of windows and brick-built entrances add to its charm. On one side of the Palazzo Publica stands the narrow tower Torre del Manza.

At the top of the brick tower, there is a system of firing on the enemy’s chest. As you climb the stairs to the top of the tower, you can see a wonderful view of the hilly Tuscany.

Horse races are held in July-August. Ten horses run together in the Palazzo del Campo. At this time, the square is buzzing with the strange instrumental music of the costumed band.

Even knights in armor can be seen here. The Cathedral of Santa Maria Assunta is a unique example of Siena’s Gothic architecture.

Its exterior is decorated with dark and light marble stripes. Several valuable works of art are housed inside.

Cortana

Cortana is a small town in the province of Arezzo in southern Tuscany. A glance at the walled city, 600 meters above sea level, reminds one of its Roman and Etruscan past.

It is said that the city was founded by Dardanes, the founder of Troy. Cortana is attractive despite its small size. Beato Angelico’s panel paintings are worth seeing in the museum in the diocese.

Many Etruscan archaeological artifacts can be found in the Etruscan Academy Museum. On the hill are the Santa Margherita Sanctuary and the Girifalco Castle.

A walk along the walled path of the city offers a breathtaking view of the surrounding countryside. Just outside the walls of Cortner is the monastery of St. Francis.

While walking through the narrow streets of the city, you will see charming sights – colorful doors, vine-covered walls, and aesthetic decorations. Even the walls of the street have a story to tell.

Arezzo

The city of Arezzo is the capital of the province of Arezzo. To understand the importance of the city, one has to look back at its history.

It was initially a major Etruscan city-state. It then became an important Roman port. In the Middle Ages, it was independent.

In the 14th century, it was under Florence. In this small place, natural and historical monuments are unique. The main square of the city is Piazza Grande.

There are various cafes and restaurants here. The buildings have a kind of medieval atmosphere. The Gothic cathedral is on the highest hill in the city.

Piero della Francesca has a fresco of Mary Magdalene. Don’t forget to visit Vasari’s Renaissance house. Michelangelo’s letters are in the archives of the house.

Lucca

The Etruscan city of Lucca is located near Pisa. Lucca was once under Napoleon. Lucca’s most famous attraction is the old city walls.

If you walk along the wall, you will see many hidden beauties of Lucca – an old fort, picnic ground, botanical garden, etc. At the end of the walk, you will enter the city center.

Lucca is known as the ‘City of a Hundred Churches’. The Cathedral of Saint Martin is next to the train station. There is another church in St. Martin’s Square, St. Michel’s Church.

A walk along the famous Lucca Street will take you to all the shops in the city. At the center of Lucca is the striking Basilica di San Michele in Foro. Torre del Ore Tower is a 14th-century castle and clock tower.

But the most beautiful and iconic tower in Lucca is Guinzi Tower. The 45-meter high brick-built Gothic tower overlooks the home and oak forest from afar.

Elba

Elba is the largest island in the Tuscan archipelago. Eight other islands and Elba together form the National Park of the Tuscan Archipelago.

It is the largest marine park in Europe. Elba is famous because of Napoleon. The French emperor was exiled here in 1814.

The island was once inhabited by Etruscans and Romans. Monuments of Elba’s glorious past can be found in its castles and museums.

Elba is unique for its crystal-clear blue waters and charming beaches. It is the best place for outdoor sports. Here you will get a chance to see marine life by diving and snorkeling. Bathing in thermal baths can also be done.