Information about The Grand Canyon: A Beautiful Place

Millions of years ago, the world was not like this. Where the towering peaks now stand majestically on the earth’s surface, there may have been rivers of drought.

Or where billions of species of animals now swim in vast reservoirs, there were once vast arid deserts.

Similarly, there is a canyon extending for about 446 kilometers around the two banks of the Colorado River in the heart of Arizona, which has been formed by billions of years of erosion.

Home to Native Americans for hundreds of years, the gorge, now known as the Grand Canyon, became one of nature’s wonders when European explorers first saw it in the 16th century.

This gorge, which has satisfied the eye hunger of eager tourists who have visited the country and abroad for years, was once a storm in the cup of tea of ​​researchers.

How exactly are these geographical features created in the flow of a river that is only 100 meters long? This question has puzzled the best of history’s curious minds. But we don’t have to go far to find the answer.

The rocks at each level of the vast Grand Canyon are capable of answering that question. This gorge, which holds the latent story of billions of years in its bosom, is waiting for the curious for ages.

What is the Grand Canyon?

The Grand Canyon, one of the world’s canyons, stands on both sides of the Colorado River on the northwest side of Arizona bordering the state of Nevada. It is about 446 km long and about 29 km wide.

The average depth of this canyon is about one mile (1.8 km). According to geologists, the canyon was formed by the flow of the Colorado River over millions of years.

Arizona has been nicknamed the Grand Canyon State for its canyon location.

In terms of size and volume, this canyon is the fourth largest in the world, but the Grand Canyon is the most famous canyon in the world, with about 6.2 million tourists walking every year.

Gorge

The Grand Canyon canyon area has been turned into a national park. The climate of the valley is somewhat dry.

The arid environment of the park is home to about 355 species of birds, 89 species of mammals, 47 species of reptiles, 9 species of amphibians, and 17 species of fish.

While the canyon plains are somewhat desert, the higher elevations have small to medium-sized forests. About one and a half thousand species of plants have been found in this forest.

The Grand Canyon is divided into two regions – the North Rim and the South Rim. The South Rim is open to visitors throughout the year.

This rim of the canyon region also has airport and rail connectivity. About 90% of the visitors come to the South Rim, which is close to other Arizona cities, Las Vegas, Nev., etc.

Although somewhat inaccessible, the North Rim is the first choice for adventurers. Because the most beautiful views of the gorge are visible from here.

The distance between the two rims is about 16 km. Every year avid hikers trek through the canyon’s remote areas on foot.

River-rock battle

Geologists believe that where the Grand Canyon stands today, there was once no canyon. There is still a debate among scientists about how long ago this ‘once’ happened.

Many say 70 million years ago, many say the period is 3.5 million years. At that time, when the earth was constantly changing its shape and gradually transforming into the green land of today, there existed a vast plain.

The Colorado River flowed over it, just as it does today. At some point the surface changes its form. Along the course of the river, the Kaibab Plateau began to form.

Due to the formation of this plateau, the flow of the river was obstructed. Obedient to the laws of nature, the Colorado changed its course. Now Colorado’s course split into two.

One part flowed into the Gulf of Mexico. Another part continued to dominate the plateau inhabited area at its own pace. With the change of the course of the river, lakes were born at several places.

The most significant of these is the huge lake formed by the accumulation of water in the eastern part of the river about 12 million years ago, which is now called Bidahochi.

Day after day the Colorado River erodes the plateau rock with its current. The rock undergoes various reactions with the river water and the chemical substances present in it and this erosion begins.

Over hundreds of thousands of years of erosion, the rocks beneath the plateau have weakened. Now the Colorado current gets stronger from the rock resistance.

As a result, the river water started flowing through the rocks of the plateau. The Colorado River was able to rejoin the tributaries that flowed along its old course.

After the two branches converged, the Colorado’s headwaters rose. Even a large amount of water from Lake Bidahochee flows into the bosom of Colorado.

The rocks of the relatively wide and deep Colorado Plateau continue to be broken up, and from that rubble a process of hundreds of thousands of years gradually builds up a magnificent canyon.

That’s a brief history of the creation of the Grand Canyon. Besides, various natural changes, weather, geographical events have played a direct and indirect role in building this gorge for millions of years.

The oldest rock at the foot of the gorge is the Vishnu Rock, which was formed about 1.7 billion years ago. On the other hand, the youngest rocks are found at the top of the canyon, which are about 270 million years old.

How Man Discovered the Grand Canyon

Born from the battle of Colorado and the Kaibab, humans arrived in this vast canyon 12,000 years ago.

At that time, the ice age on earth was almost at the end. The group of people started building houses in the remote and dangerous environment of the gorge.

At that time animals called Shasta sloths used to roam in this area. They lived by hunting those animals.

They also started farming on a limited scale at the foot of the gorge. At certain times of the year, they begin to harvest crops and supply them to the caves discovered on the hillsides.

The Pueblo, Paiute, Navaho, Zuni, and Hopi are among the indigenous communities that have settled in the Grand Canyon since the Ice Age.

However, the Havasupai people who live there today claim the canyon as their ancestral home. They have been living here for about 800 years.

Havasupaid’s village is known as Supai Village. The village of Supai is one of the most remote areas in the United States.

There is no mobile network here even in the era of information technology of the 21st century. Locals still communicate by delivering mail on mules.

Spanish explorer García López de Cardenas was the first person outside of Native Americans to discover the canyon.

In 1540 he was the first white man to discover this gorge. About 300 years after its discovery, a group of miners settled in the area in 1880 in search of copper mines.

But in order not to destroy the rare natural features like this gorge, the conservation of forest resources here started in 1893 under the supervision of the government.

Around 1901, the Grand Canyon became a tourist industry. In a short time, it became a tourist attraction from all over the world and in 1903 then President Franklin D. Roosevelt annexed the canyon to the government.

In 1919, another president, Woodrow Wilson, made it a national park.