The building on the Fischmarkt in Aachen is famous as the Grashaus. This building is the oldest in this German city.
This building has historical significance as Aachen’s first town hall. According to many, the authority completed the work of this building in 1267.
Many people say it stands on even older foundations from the Carolingian period. The Grashaus owes its name to the grass.
It is a medieval village green where both executions and folk festivals took place. The building came at a time of social change.
History of Grashaus
A group of aspiring citizens had become wealthy through trade and the manufacture of cloth. They demanded a say in the affairs of the emperors and kings ruling in Aachen.
An important thing happened on January 8, 1166. Emperor Friedrich I Barbarossa granted the city rights. He did it based on the so-called Charles Privilege.
This decision freed all residents from feudal servitude. It also exempted citizens from customs duties in the Aachen Empire. Another important thing happens from 1250 onwards.
A city council took over the administrative business of the royal alderman. Two mayors headed this city council. Two mayors from then on were responsible for the jurisdiction.